Zoe is a PhD student at Liverpool John Moores University, funded by the SSA. Her PhD is in behavioural interventions for smoking cessation in substance use treatment services. She also works as a research assistant for the University of Aberdeen on the ICSmoke project, a large scale systematic review of behavioural interventions for smoking cessation. Prior to this, she completed a PGDip in Health Economics at the University of Aberdeen, and an MSc in Public Health: Addictions at LJMU, and has worked in community and residential substance use treatment services. Zoe also volunteers with a national mental health charity and is passionate about user involvement. Her research interests include substance use, mental health and research methodology.