Rossow, ISuicide, alcohol, and divorce; aspects of gender and family integrationAddiction 1993; 88: 16591665.

This study represents my debut in several respects: as researcher in the alcohol and drug area, as analyst of aggregate level data, as contributor to the journal Addiction and as a participant in an international research project. The study shows that population drinking impacted upon suicide rates in Norway. This study was part of an international collaboration project on alcohol and suicide (IPAS) led by Ole-Jørgen Skog. Other studies in this international project reported fairly similar findings, but the strength of the association between population drinking and suicide rates varied considerably between countries. In sum, these studies lent early support to the idea that the impact of total alcohol consumption on suicide rates is stronger in countries where drinking to intoxication is a more prominent feature of the drinking culture.

Rossow, IAlcohol and homicide, a cross-cultural comparison of the relationship in 14 European countriesAddiction 200196: S77–S92.

This study was part of the European Comparative Alcohol Studies (ECAS) project, led by Thor Norström. Much in line with the observations in the IPAS project of cross-cultural variation in the alcohol–suicide association, this study found that the impact of total consumption on homicide rates varied throughout European countries, being stronger in northern Europe, where intoxication drinking occurs more frequently. Similar comparative projects to ECAS were undertaken later, adding to our understanding of the impact of population drinking on public health and the importance of drinking patterns in this respect.

Rossow, I. Alcohol-related violence—the impact of drinking pattern and drinking contextAddiction 19969116411651.

This study was first presented at a Kettil Bruun Society Thematic Meeting on drinking patterns in 1995. At that time, the importance of drinking patterns in explaining health and social consequences of alcohol use was still ‘an emerging paradigm’. This survey-based study shows that, having controlled for volume of drinking, drinking to intoxication adds to the risk of being involved in alcohol-related violence, as perpetrator as well as victim.

Rossow, I.Pernanen, K.Rehm, J. Accidents, suicides and violence. In: H. Klingeman, editors. Mapping Social Consequences of Alcohol Consumption. World Health Organization (WHO) monograph. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press2001.

This book section reviews the literature on alcohol consumption and social consequences in three areas. The book is a result of a collaborative study with the participation of an international group of alcohol researchers under the leadership of the World Health Organization–Europe (WHO–EURO), attempting to provide a comprehensive overview of social consequences of alcohol consumption. Despite a wide recognition of alcohol as an important risk factor for various social harms, research on the consequences of drinking is still mainly in the health domain.

Room, R.Rossow, I. Share of violence attributable to drinkingJ Subst Use 20016218228.

I have had the privilege and pleasure of working with Robin Room on a number of projects over the years. In this ‘think piece’ we review literature on the alcohol–violence association, both at the individual and at the aggregate level, and discuss the variation in alcohol-attributable fraction of violence throughout various drinking cultures.

Rossow, I.Lauritzen, G. Shattered childhood—a key issue in suicidal behaviour among drug addicts? Addiction 200196227240.

As an epidemiologist, I find it very stimulating to collaborate with colleagues who have long-time clinical experience in this field, as was the case in this study. The drug users reported frequent suicide attempts and suicidal ideation, and these behaviours were clearly associated with various adverse childhood experiences. Virtually all the study participants reported one or several such experiences. References to the findings regarding ‘shattered childhood’ are also made later with respect to the self-medication hypothesis.

Mäkelä, P.Rossow, I.Tryggvesson, K. Who drinks more and less when policies change? In: R. Room, editor.  The Effects of Nordic Alcohol Policies. What Happens to Drinking and Harm When Alcohol Controls Change?  NAD Publication no. 42. Helsinki: Nordic Council for Alcohol and Drug Research; 2002, pp. 1770.

This book resulted from a Nordic collaborative project led by Robin Room. The chapter reviews a fairly large literature, mainly in the Nordic languages, on outcomes of changes in alcohol policy measures and possible differential outcomes by socio-demographic groups and drinking status. Contrary to what is often claimed in public debates on alcohol policy, this review showed that control policies tend to have more impact upon heavy drinkers than other drinkers.

Babor, T.Caetano, R.Casswell, S.Edwards, G.Giesbrecht, N.Graham, K. et alAlcohol: No Ordinary Commodity—Research and Public PolicyOxford: Oxford University Press; 2003.

This book follows in the footsteps of two previous co-authored books on alcohol policy. The collaborative process was initiated by Griffith Edwards, who was Editor of Addiction at that time, and Cees Goos at WHO–EURO. The book reviews the world literature on the science base for alcohol policy, and is cited frequently in the scientific literature. In 2004 the book won first prize in the public health category in the British Medical Association’s book awards, and was ranked in the top three when the second edition was published in 2010.

Rossow, IInferences of associations and implications for prevention: the case of early drinking onset. In: J ElsterO GjelsvikA HyllandK. Moene, editors. Understanding Choice and Explaining Behaviour. Essays in Honour of Ole-Jørgen SkogOslo: UniPub; 2006, pp. 259–272.

I was fortunate and grateful to have Ole-Jørgen Skog as mentor, colleague and friend. This essay is a critical review of the literature on associations between early drinking onset and later drinking behaviour, both with regard to causal inferences from observed covariations and to the implications of such associations.

Norström, T.Miller, T.Holder, H.Österberg, E.Ramstedt, M.Rossow, I. et alPotential consequences of replacing a retail alcohol monopoly with a private license system: results from SwedenAddiction 2010; 105: 21132119.

This paper summarizes a report that resulted from an international collaboration attempting to project the potential consequences in the event that the Swedish monopoly on retail alcohol sales was abolished. The projected consequences were substantial, and such projections are probably important in alcohol policymaking processes.

Babor, T.Caulkins, J.Edwards, G.Fischer, B.Foxcroft, D.R.Humphreys, K. et alDrug Policy and the Public GoodOxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Griffith Edwards convened a group of career scientists to summarize the science base relevant to national and international drug policy. The scope of the book, the structure and the process of writing the book resembled that of Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity. The book found mixed evidence for current policy options in the areas of demand reduction and supply control, yet current drug policy in most societies takes little or limited account of this research. A second edition will be published in 2018.

Rossow, I.Moan, I.SParental intoxication and adolescent suicidal behaviorArch Suicide Res 2012167384.

During the past decade there has been a growing interest in alcohol’s harm to others. In this study we found elevated risk of suicidal behaviour among adolescents exposed frequently to parental intoxication. The paper was rewarded ‘Best paper of the year’ in the journal.

Rossow, I.Norström, T. The impact of small changes in bar closing hours on violence. The Norwegian experience from 18 citiesAddiction 2012107530537.

This study shows that even small changes in bar closing hours impact upon violence rates. Pending the findings and publication of this study, the Norwegian Government had postponed a decision on whether or not to restrict the maximum closing hours. Immediately after its publication the paper was attacked by the hospitality industry and, a little later, the Norwegian Government decided against the proposed restriction.

Rossow, I.Bramness, J.G. The total sales of prescription drugs with an abuse potential predicts the number of excessive users: a national prescription database studyBMC Public Health 201515288.

Even under a prescription system controlling availability of pharmaceutical drugs, excessive use and abuse of prescribed drugs occur. In this national registry-based study, we found that drugs with abuse potential, such as sleep medication, tranquillizers and pain relievers, were used in excessive amounts by a relatively small fraction of users. However, their drug use accounted for approximately half of the total sales of these drugs in Norway.

Rossow, I.Hansen, M.BGambling and gambling policy in Norway—an exceptional case. Addiction 2016; 111: 593598.

This paper provides an account of how gambling policy developed in Norway and how the policy restrictions in the 2000s represent an exception to a general trend of liberalization and increased gambling.

Rossow, I.Keating, P.Felix, L.McCambridge, JDoes parental drinking influence children’s drinking? A systematic review of prospective cohort studiesAddiction 2016111204217.

Even though it is often stated or implied that parents’ drinking influences that of their children, this study shows that there is no strong empirical evidence to support this assumption.