Survey of the prevalence of physical and psychiatric co-morbidity of patients admitted to a specialist detoxification unit

First published: 10/05/2019 | Last updated: May 20th, 2019

AIM

Substance misuse and dependence are frequently associated with harm to physical and mental health wellbeing. Interventions addressing substance misuse, if done at early stages, can produce large beneficial effects for overall wellbeing. Given this clinically significant overlap, it is important to ask whether this co-morbidity is appropriately recognized and treated in routine practice. This survey was conducted to measure the prevalence of physical and psychiatric co-morbidity of patients admitted to specialist inpatient detoxification unit.

Method
This cross-sectional survey identified all patients admitted to a specialist inpatient detoxification unit in Nottingham, UK (The Woodlands) between May 2015 and June 2015. An inception cohort of 64 patients was recruited. Data was collected using a structured proforma based on an electronic records system. Demographic details, current physical and psychiatric history and data on current treatments were collected.

Results
We identified that 34 out of 64 (53.1%, 95% CI of observed proportion 40.2 to 65.7%) of the cohort had identifiable current physical health problems. The prevalence of cardiac symptoms was 19%, vascular disease 16% , liver disease 16% and infectious diseases 19% were also prominent in this cohort. For patients who had a physical health care need, the prevalence of mental health dual diagnosis was also prominent (10 out of 34, 29.4%, 95% CI = 15 to 47.5%). Intervention by a doctor was required for 31 patients out of the 34 during the period of admission (91%).  Almost a third  (30%) of these required either a referral or liaison with other specialty teams. Four out of the 34 (12%) required immediate transfer on admission to an acute hospital for management of physical health complications.

Conclusion
This survey highlights the importance of thorough and prompt examination of patients on admission for inpatient detoxification.  Physical and mental health co-morbidity is high within this treatment population. Research is needed to aid identification of high-risk patients and to prioritize and target their care.

Co-Authors

Dr David Rhinds (Consultant Psychiatrist in Substance Misuse/ Clinical Stream Lead SMS) Dr Elenor Holliday ( Consultant Psychiatrist)

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Dr Priyadarshini Sabesan